Tooth Extractions in Atlanta
Atlanta Smiles and Wellness has a conservative approach and we will do what we can to help repair your original teeth; however, there are situations when the tooth may need to be extracted. Tooth extraction refers to the removal of a tooth from its socket. A tooth may need to be extracted if the dentist is unable to restore it, or if the tooth is causing overcrowding in the mouth. The most common teeth extracted are the wisdom teeth.
Types of Atlanta Tooth Extractions
Simple Extraction – the tooth is fully erupted and exposed in the mouth and local anesthetic is applied. The dentist will use a tool to loosen the tooth from its socket. Once the tooth is loose enough, forceps are used to pull the tooth. Because only local anesthetic is needed for a simple extraction, the patient is usually able to drive themselves home.
Surgical Extraction – the tooth is impacted partially below the gum line, or the tooth has yet to break the gum line. Because of how invasive a surgical tooth extraction is, general anesthesia or nitrous oxide may be used. Once the patient is comfortable, an incision is made to expose the tooth for removal. If infection has spread to the bone, part of the bone may be removed as well. When scheduled for a surgical extraction, be sure to arrange for transportation ahead of time.
Reasons for Tooth Extraction
Infection – when a tooth becomes severely infected, meaning the infection has moved into the pulp, a root canal is typically the first option. If the infection persists, antibiotics are prescribed in hopes of the infection clearing up. When theses therapies have been exhausted, tooth extraction is often necessary to prevent the spread of infection from the tooth to the bloodstream.
Overcrowding – teeth that do not comfortably fit into the space of the mouth are overcrowded. Overcrowding effects the integrity of the bite, which leads to pain and discomfort. Most overcrowded mouths are a result of genetics, and the patient simply doesn’t have the room in their mouth for all of their teeth. In these cases, it is common for teeth to grow behind or “on top” of existing teeth. This causes an abnormal bite. Injury to the jaw or mouth can also result in teeth becoming overcrowded. In severe cases, the best route is to extract the problem teeth to allow the existing teeth to grow in comfortably. Otherwise, the patient may suffer from headaches and an increased risk of gum disease.
Chemotherapy/Radiation – when a patient is about to undergo chemotherapy, it is a good idea to have their teeth examined. Because chemotherapy weakens the immune system, a simple cavity could become a full blown infection while undergoing treatment. If the dentist or doctor foresee this being a problem, they may recommend extracting the affected teeth. Radiation therapy to the head and neck can also cause major problems for teeth and lead to extraction.
Gum Disease – periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is an infection of the tissue and bones surrounding the teeth. The infection can cause the teeth to become loose, leading to extraction.
Tooth extraction is a safe and effective way to remove infected, injured or unwanted teeth. Be sure to discuss your medical history with your dentist before scheduling your extraction. Some patients with compromised immune systems or congenital heart defects may need to have antibiotic therapy prior to having teeth removed to prevent infection. If you believe you may need tooth extraction, call the office and schedule a consultation with us today!